Modern water rights deal with the regulation and allocation of water and its sources. Traditionally, a regional authority would decide how much each holder of a "water right" would be able to claim. But with water shortages becoming more common, these authorities are now asking previous water rights holders to justify their claim with historical data on usage and future plans for conservation and use.
Mark Twain said, “Whiskey is for drinking and water is for fighting over.” Indeed, water rights have been a source of conflict and controversy throughout the history of the world. Ever expanding populations and resulting development continue to exacerbate the debate, particularly in the American West.
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Before you search elsewhere, take advantage of the research we've already done for you. Formerly known as Field Guides, References tabs contain links to external articles, titles from the NAR Library eBooks collection, websites, statistics, and other material to provide a comprehensive overview of perspectives on each topic. EBSCO articles (E) are available only to NAR members and require a password.
How America Uses Water
- Electric Power - 45%
- Irrigation - 33%
- Public Supply - 12%
- Industrial - 4%
- Livestock - 1%
- Mining - 1%
- Aquaculture - 3%
Source: Estimated Use of Water in the U.S.—2014, (U.S. Geological Survey, Dec. 2014).
Water Resources & Issues
Water Resources of the United States, (U.S. Geological Survey, Sept. 14, 2016).
Climate Impacts on Water Resources, (U.S. EPA, Aug. 9, 2016).
The Water Resources Development Act of 2016, (U.S. Senate Committee on Environment and Public Works, Apr. 26, 2016).
Water Resources Dashboard, (U.S. Climate Resilience Toolkit, Mar. 18, 2016).
Water Resources, (YouTube Video, Sept. 7, 2015).
Fresh water represents only 2.5% of the world's water resources. Source: United Nations Environment Programme
Nestle fights feds over water rights, (USA Today, May 9, 2016).
Detroit is Ground Zero in the New Fight for Water Rights, (The Nation Blog, July 15, 2015).
What are Water Rights?, (Gizmodo, Apr. 13, 2015).
Drought may dry up water rights, (San Angelo Standard Times, Aug. 12, 2011).
Every drop counts; Valuing the water used to generate electricity, (Western Resource Advocates, Jan. 2011).
Public has right to walk upon privately owned river beds when using state waters - see Recent Court Decisions, page 2 (The Appraisal Journal, Winter 2009). E
Black Ohio neighborhood unjustly denied water for decades, jury finds, (Christian Science Monitor, July 11, 2008).
Tradable Water Rights, (Brookings Institution/Democracy: A Journal of Ideas, Spring 2008).
The Appraisal of Water Rights: Valuation Methodology, (The Appraisal Journal, Spring 2008). E
Land Use & Water
Water and land use planning, (USA Today, May 9, 2016).
Video: Groundwater: The Hidden Source of Life, (The Groundwater Foundation)
How much do we depend on groundwater?, (The Groundwater Foundation).
Water Quality Issues
Water Quality Standards: Regulations and Resources, (EPA, Aug. 11, 2016).
Common Water Quality Problems, Water Analysis and Testing, (Water Research Center, June 7, 2016).
Water Quality, (U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, July 16, 2015).
U.S. Teen Wins Stockholm Junior Water Prize With Cell Phone Test, (Environment News Service, Aug. 24, 2011).
Drinking water contaminants & potential health effects, (Environmental Protection Agency, May 2009).
Tons of released drugs taint US water, (U.S. News & World Report, Apr. 19, 2009).
Video: Storm runoff pollutes drinking water, (PBS News Hour, Oct. 9, 2008).
Local drinking water information, (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Apr. 9, 2008).
Healthy water: real estate sales depend on it, (Realty Times, Sept. 2006).
USGS Water-Quality Information, (U.S.Geological Survey).
A-Z Water Resources Index, (U.S. Geological Survey).
Water Quality "Glossary" (U.S. Geological Survey)
Water Rights Program, (National Park Service).
What Is Groundwater?, (Groundwater.org).
100 Ways to conserve, (WaterUseItWisely, 2009).
Water Quiz (U.S. Geological Survey)—U.S. Water Resources
Surf your watershed, (Environmental Protection Agency)—search by zip code
eBooks & Other Resources
Books, Videos, Research Reports & More
The resources below are available for loan through Information Services. Up to three books, tapes, CDs and/or DVDs can be borrowed for 30 days from the Library for a nominal fee of $10. Call Information Services at 800-874-6500 for assistance.
Understanding water rights and conflicts, (Denver, CO: Burg Young Publishing, 2003). TD 345 Y9
Water wars: drought, flood, folly and the politics of thirst, (New York, NY: Riverhead Books, 2002). TD 345 W257
Water follies: groundwater pumping and the fate of America’s fresh waters, (Washington, D.C.: Island Press, 2002). TD 223 G58
When the Rivers Run Dry, Adobe eReader
The Clean Water Act handbook, 2nd Ed., (Chicago, IL: American Bar Association, 2003). KF 3790 C54
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