Current government regulations, industry trends, and studies on the impact of feedlots on surrounding property values.


NAR Library & Archives has already done the research for you. References (formerly Field Guides) offer links to articles, eBooks, websites, statistics, and more to provide a comprehensive overview of perspectives. EBSCO articles (E) are available only to NAR members and require the member's nar.realtor login.

What Are Anim​al Feedlots?

"Animal feeding operations (AFOs) are agricultural enterprises where animals are kept and raised in confined situations. AFOs congregate animals, feed, manure and urine, dead animals, and production operations on a small land area. Feed is brought to the animals rather than the animals grazing or otherwise seeking feed in pastures, fields, or on rangeland."

Source: U.S. EPA, Animal Feeding Operations, Frequently Asked Questions

Feder​al Resources

Cattle on Feed (U.S. Department of Agriculture, Jun. 25, 2021)

Animal Feeding Operations (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Aug. 3, 2020) EPA definition of Animal Feeding Operations with links to more resources.

Literature Review of Contaminants in Livestock and Poultry Manure and Implications for Water Quality (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Jul. 2013)

NPDES Permit Writers' Manual for Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Feb. 2012)

Effects on R​eal Estate

The Effect of CAFOs on Neighboring House and Land Values (Midwest Environmental Advocates, Spring 2020)

The Impact of Confined Animal Feeding Operations on Agricultural Land Values in Kansas (Kansas State University, 2019)

Feedlot Dilemma: Local Entities Consider Whether to Set Caps on Size (MinnPost, Feb. 6, 2019)

CAFOs' Effect On Property Values Proves Challenging To Codify (WBAA, Mar. 24, 2017)

Animal Operations and Residential Property Values (The Appraisal Journal, Winter 2015) E

The Effect of a Large Hog Barn Operation on Residential Sales Prices in Marshall County, KY, (Josre, Dec. 14, 2014)

Animal Feeding Operations and Residential Value: A Survey of the Literature (University of Missouri Extension, Oct. 2011)

Impact of Industrial Farm Animal Production on Rural Communities (Pew Commission on Industrial Farm Animal Production, 2008)

Additional Resources

State Directory (National Association of State Departments of Agriculture, 2021)

Animal Agriculture, Manure Management, and Water Quality (Livestock and Poultry Environmental Learning Community, Mar. 5, 2019)

Books, eBooks & Other Resources


The following eBooks and digital audiobooks are available to NAR members:

Pollution and Property (eBook)

Books, Videos, Research Reports & More

The resources below are available for loan through the NAR Library. Up to three books, tapes, CDs and/or DVDs can be borrowed for 30 days from the Library for a nominal fee of $10. Call the Library at 800-874-6500 for assistance.

Farm Appraisal Principals: Gentlemen, Scoundrels, Professionals (Austin, TX: Sunbelt Eakin, 2002. HD 1393 Su8F C1

The Appraisal of Rural Property, 2nd ed. (Chicago, IL: The Appraisal Institute, 2000) HD 1393 Am3a C1

Farm and Ranch Marketing (Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1998) HD 1393 R72 C1

A Compendium: A Guide to Appraising Specific Property Types (Chicago, IL: Society of Real Estate Appraisers, 1973) HD 1387 So1c

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