Several U.S. states have reciprocal arrangements for recognizing and granting licenses to real estate licensees from other states. These reciprocal agreements vary widely from state to state: some have reciprocal agreements with all other states, while others may have agreements with only one or two neighboring states. As international brokerage and real estate on the Internet continue to grow, reciprocity between states and other licensing jurisdictions is becoming an increasingly important issue. This page provides articles, NAR policies, and other information on license reciprocity.


NAR Library & Archives has already done the research for you. References (formerly Field Guides) offer links to articles, eBooks, websites, statistics, and more to provide a comprehensive overview of perspectives. EBSCO articles (E) are available only to NAR members and require the member's nar.realtor login.

What Is License Reciprocity?  

See "Broker and Salesperson License Reciprocity and Portability" from the State Issues Tracker* (National Association of REALTORS®, November 2019) *Requires nar.realtor username/password.

Surveys on License Reciprocity

Real Estate License Reciprocity & Portability Guide 2020 (Fit Small Business, Jul. 20, 2021)

Real Estate License Reciprocity Guide — 2021 Updated — All 50 States (Agent Advice, 2021)

Occupational Licensing Legislation Database (National Conference of State Legislatures, Jun. 19, 2020)

Real Estate License Reciprocity & Portability (Placester.com, Apr. 30, 2019)

Recent Advances

Is Occupational Licensing a Barrier to Interstate Migration? (American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, Aug. 2020) E

New Law Will Make It Easier for Military Spouses to Keep Licenses During a PCS (Military.com, Dec. 26, 2019)

NCSL Occupational Licensing Consortium Case Study Reports (American Institutes for Research, Nov. 2019)

Organizations to Contact for More Information

Association of Real Estate License Law Officials (ARELLO)
150 North Wacker Drive, Suite 920
Chicago, Illinois 60606-1682

Real Estate Educators Association
7739 E. Broadway, #337
Tuscon, Arizona 85710
(520) 609-2380

eBooks & Other Resources


The following eBooks and digital audiobooks are available to NAR members:

Real Estate License Exams for Dummies® (eBook)

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The inclusion of links on this page does not imply endorsement by the National Association of REALTORS®. NAR makes no representations about whether the content of any external sites which may be linked in this page complies with state or federal laws or regulations or with applicable NAR policies. These links are provided for your convenience only and you rely on them at your own risk.