On July 6, 2012, the President signed into law “The Biggert-Waters Flood Insurance Reform Act of 2012” which extends the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) for five years and includes many program reforms. NAR has created this NFIP Resources Page, which includes links to detailed information on the NFIP to help answer REALTOR® questions about the changes coming to the NFIP.
- NAR Issue Brief: How Home Buying May Vary in the Floodplain
- Flood Insurance Rate Webinar: Independent actuaries with the Milliman firm provide an educational presentation on how the National Flood Insurance Program sets its insurance rates.
- Legislative Analysis on Flood Insurance Affordability Amendments
- NAR Issue Brief: Flood Insurance Premium Rates - At a Glance
- Fact Sheet: Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act
- Comparison Chart: Current Law and the Flood Insurance Affordability Act Changes
- FAQs: Homeowner Flood Insurance Affordability Act
- Section by Section Summary: National Flood Insurance Affordability Act
- NAR Political Advocacy page
- NAR Flood Insurance Background
- Chart: Flood Insurance Premium Rates for Second Homes
- NAR Legal Guidance
- FEMA: Information re: the Office of the Flood Insurance Advocate to assist property owners
- FEMA: National Flood Insurance Program Call Center for Policyholders and Disaster Survivors Nationwide
- FEMA: Flood Insurance for Businesses: Impacts of Recent Legislation
- FEMA's Bulletin Enabling Buyers to Assume Seller's Rates
- FEMA Resource on Flood Insurance Reforms
- FEMA: Overview of NFIP
- FEMA Grandfathering Rules
- FEMA Presentation on Changes to NFIP under Affordability Amendments
- FEMA: Notices to Congress: Monthly Updates on Flood Mapping
- FEMA: Official Source for Flood Mapping and Hazard Layer
FEMA’S Rate Relief Programs
In anticipation of increasing flood insurance rates, FEMA identifies several options that may directly or indirectly result in flood insurance discounts to policyholders.
- NFIP Community Rating System
The NFIP Community Rating System (CRS) offers insurance premium discounts (up to 45 percent) for individuals in communities implementing floodplain management practices that exceed the minimum requirements of the NFIP. By implementing CRS floodplain management best practices, flood losses are reduced, public safety is enhanced, and the cost of flood insurance is decreased.
- FEMA’s Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Program
FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs provide funding for eligible mitigation activities, including elevating properties, that reduce disaster losses and protect life and property from future disaster damages.
- Elevation Certificates
An Elevation Certificate is an important tool that documents your building’s elevation. The below fact sheet provides valuable information for homeowners including guidance for obtaining an Elevation Certificate which is necessary for determining full-risk rates in high-risk zones. It may also show that you may be paying too much for flood insurance.
- FEMA Flood Map Appeal
If a person believes their property was incorrectly included in a NFIP-identified Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA), they may submit an application to FEMA for a formal determination of the property's location and/or elevation relative to the SFHA.
- Raise the Deductible
And like any other insurance policy, you can always raise the deductible.
- FEMA: History and Upcoming Changes to the NFIP
- NAR: What is the Impact of New Flood Bill?
- NAR: Flood Bill Helps Commercial
- NAR: FEMA Flood Law Processing
- Greg Larson, Bismarck Mandan Board of REALTORS®: The Importance of the National Flood Insurance Program
- FEMA: Flood Insurance Policy and Claim Statistics
- Interactive Map for NFIP Subsidized Policies by State and County
- Determine Your Flood Zone: “V” (high risk coastal), “A” (high risk river), “X” (low risk) or “D” (unmapped)
- FEMA: NFIP Actuarial Rate Review
Resources for REALTORS® and Consumers
- NAR/U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service page: Coastal Barrier Resources System
- NAR Legal Guidance on Disclosures
- FEMA: Flood Insurance Rate Maps
- NAR/FEMA Brochure: What To Ask Your Insurance Agent
- NAR/FEMA Brochure: What to Know and Say About Flood Risk and Flood Insurance
- HouseLogic: What Consumers Need to Know About Flood Insurance
- FEMA: Homeowner’s Guide to Elevation Certificates
- Propertycasualty360.com -The 4 Things Homeowners Misunderstand About Flood Insurance
- Carolina Flood Solutions: Non-Engineered Opening Guide
Additional Information & Research
- FEMA sub-study: The Role of Actuarial Soundness in the National Flood Insurance Program
- GAO Collected Research on NFIP (2013)
- GAO Report - Flood Insurance: More Information Needed on Subsidized Properties
- RAND Gulf States Policy Institute Analysis of the NFIP and Proposed Reforms
- CRS Report: Status and Remaining Issues for Congress (2013)
- CRS Report: NFIP Background, Challenges, and Financial Status (2011)
- University of PA – The Wharton School: NFIP Issue Briefs
- University of PA – The Wharton School: White Paper on Pricing Flood Insurance – Texas (2012)
- University of PA – The Wharton School: Paper on Modifying NFIP to Reduce Flood Losses (2012)
- American Institutes for Research: Evaluation of the NFIP’s Building Standards (2006)
- PriceWatehouseCooper’s 1999 Economic Impact Study of Charging Full Actuarial Rates
- CBO’s review of the PriceWaterhouse Cooper 1999 Actuarial Rate Study
- CBO Study of NFIP Premium Rates
- Insurance Information Institute Flood Facts
- FEMA report: Chronology of Major Events Affecting the NFIP
- Deloitte Center for Financial Services: The potential for flood insurance privatization in the U.S.
- Insurance Information Institute: Flood Insurance